Zum 1. November 2020 hat das Gebäudeenergiegesetz (GEG) das bisherige Energieeinsparungsgesetz (EnEG), die bisherige Energieeinsparverordnung (EnEV) und das bisherige Erneuerbare-Energien-Wärmegesetz (EEWärmeG) abgelöst. Aus diesem Grund wird das Bundesinstitut für Bau-, Stadt- und Raumforschung das Infoportal Energieeinsparung in Kürze an den neuen Rechtsstand anpassen. Die Arbeiten dazu laufen mit Hochdruck. Der neue auf das GEG umgestaltete Internetauftritt wird innerhalb der nächsten Wochen zur Verfügung stehen.

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Amortisation period: Static calculation

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  • Step 1 – Determining the savings of delivered energy:
    The determination of the energy savings is independent of the chosen method of efficiency calculation. Different calculation methods are described under the menu item “Energy savings”. The result is a value in kilowatt hours per year (kWh/a).
  • Step 2 – Determining the (current) energy cost savings per year:
    The energy cost savings are calculated by multiplying the savings of delivered energy determined in step 1 with the price of delivered energy per kilowatt hour. This can be determined for individual sources of delivered energy or as an average value. For grid-bound energy (e.g., gas, district heat, local heat, electricity), the kilowatt-hour-rate and the (basic-) kilowatt-rate have to be considered.
    The current energy price can be taken as a basis for a static determination of the annual costs. Thus, the annual cost savings amount to:
    Cost savings (€/a) = savings of delivered energy (kWh/a) • energy price (€/kWh)
  • Step 3 – Determining the costs of the measure(s):
    The determination of the modernisation costs is independent of the chosen method of efficiency calculation. Different procedures are described under the menu item “Modernisation costs”. Cost functions for frequent measures are summarized under the menu item Examples of modernisation . One must differentiate between the full costs and the energy-related additional costs of a measure. If necessary, it should be determined whether and what costs additionally arise from operation, inspection, maintenance, or repair and, in part, also for insurance.
  • Step 4 – Determining the amortisation period:
    The static amortisation period is given by dividing the costs by the annual energy cost savings. The static amortisation period is given in years. It is recommended to round the result to whole numbers.
    This calculation follows this formula:
    Amortisation period [y] = investment costs [€] / cost savings [€/y]
  • Step 5 – Selecting the comparative figure:
    As a comparative figure, the expected lifetime (useful life) of the planned measure should be taken. The building owner or energy consultant can do this based on standards, values from literature, or on his or her own estimates. Average values for the lifetime of frequent measures can be found in the table under the menu item Boundary conditions / Technical lifetime.
  • Step 6 – Comparison and evaluation:
    The calculated static amortisation period can be compared to the estimated lifetime (useful life) of the measure. The measure is economically efficient if the lifetime exceeds the amortisation period. Efficiency evaluations carried out in connection with the EnEV show that even small changes in the costs of a measure can cause considerable changes in the amortisation period. Therefore, beginning with the amendment in 2009, so-called coverage deficits are indicated - often amounting to just a few euros. If these amounts would be covered e. g. by funding, the amortisation period could be reduced to an acceptable level.

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